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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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That Suvorov personified Russia's ruthless imperialism* (against which
Stalin's country Georgia had fought so stubbornly and valiantly) w^
immaterial to those people of the Soviet Empire, stuffed for twenty-five
years with Communist slogans, but what did seem extraordinary was that
these slogans were now omitted from the Kremlin's new orders. Marx3
Engels, Paris Commune and * World Revolution* had been shelve^
while the images of the Great Russian heroes and national slogans were
brought out into the limelight.
The Finnish campaign, and the first months of the war against Germany^
revealed that the e Party army' which had sufficed in the days of the Civil
War, was insufficient in a war of international dimensions, despite being
equipped with modern weapons. The Soviets were forced to recognise
that the tradition of their heroic era was too fresh, were obliged to revert
to the ideas of primitive nationalism, which they had treated with such
contempt heretofore. This change in the character of the Kremlin's
propaganda (fostered internally since 1936 parallel with the preparations
for war), was to astonish the vast array of the people of the Soviet Union.
The Kremlin, by this verbal change, by the appeals to the * Soviet father-
land * and * Soviet patriotism,* seemed to have descended to the common
level of the average bourgeois state concerned only with the defence of its
own country. Thus the foundation for an understanding with the Allies
was laid.
Lenin, whose thoughts have been collected into thirty large volumes.,
and who left instructions for the creation of the * dictatorship of the
proletariat' to cover, it seemed, every incident and for every day of the
year, preached that, in the development of a revolution, the aim cannot be
achieved in one stroke. He compared it to scaling a steep summit.
From time to time " the necessity arises to make a few paces backward
and walk in zig-zags."
This step backward which the Kremlin had now taken was also necessi-
tated by reason of its inability to find in Europe, either among the enemy
or among the Allies, any trace of dry-rot or moral weakness. The
fighting Powers were still in the fullness of their strength, the organisation
of their State machinery had been untouched. There was no room in
Europe yet for a revolution or revolutionary intervention from outside,
* Suvorov, the greatest military executor of Catherine the Second's imperialist
policy, won particular renown for Ms slaughter of Praga, a suburb of Warsaw*
which his troops had taken by storm in 1794. All the defenders and inhabitants
of Praga were killed—an action which resulted in an outburst of great indignation
throughout Europe. Campbell in his Pleasures of Hope> wrote;
The sun went down, nor ceased the carnage there.
Tumultuous murder shook the midnight air*
On Praga's proud arch the fires of ruin glow s
His blood-dyed waters murmuring far below;
The storm prevails, the rampart yields a way*
Bursts the wild cry of horror and dismay 1
Hark, as the smouldering piles with thunder fell,
A thousand shrieks for hopeless mercy call.